The Difference Between Cannabis, Hemp and Marijuana Explained

2020-12-26

در دنیای شاهدانه ، نام های یک خانواده گیاهی بیشتر از چیزی است که شما تصور کنید. حشیش ، کنف و ماری جوانا همگی اصطلاحاتی برای گیاهان در خانواده Cannabaceae هستند ، اما تفاوت هایی بین آنها وجود دارد - برخی از گیاهان ، برخی از آنها فرهنگی. در اینجا تجزیه و تحلیل اصول اولیه وجود دارد: تفاوت بین شاهدانه ، شاهدانه و ماری جوانا.



 

What is hemp?

Hemp is a specific type of cannabis known scientifically as Cannabis sativa L. Though they are both part of the same family (and sometimes species), hemp and marijuana have different chemistry and characteristics. Hemp plants contain low levels of the intoxicating phytocannabinoid known as Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), for which marijuana is well known. It does, however, contain high levels of the non-intoxicating phytocannabinoid Cannabidiol (CBD).

In the U.S., the level of THC is a legal defining line between hemp and marijuana. Hemp is generally defined as Cannabis sativa L. plants which contain 0.3% THC or less. Plants exceeding the 0.3% THC limit are considered marijuana and remain illegal federally under the U.S. Controlled Substances Act (CSA).

Hemp is one of the most versatile plants in the world. The stalk of a hemp plant, for example, could be used for the manufacture of textiles or the development of biofuels. The seeds of hemp are eaten or employed to create hemp seed oil, while the flowers can be used to extract CBD for use in a wide range of products, including skin care products like our Skin Therapy body butter and edibles like our beverage infusions.


 

حشیش چیست؟

کلمه شاهدانه اصطلاحی طبقه بندی است که به تیره ای از گیاهان گلدار و از خانواده Cannabaceae گفته می شود که شامل حدود 170 گونه گیاهی است. این جنس اغلب به سه گونه تقسیم می شود - Cannabis sativa ، Cannabis indica و Cannabis ruderalis.

The origins of the cannabis genus are not clearly understood, as a lack of significant fossil evidence made it difficult for botanists to place its evolutionary divergence from other organisms. Using a “molecular clock” and computer algorithms to estimate the age of the genus, researchers determined that cannabis likely diverged from a common ancestor with its most closely related genus - Humulus - about 27.8 million years ago.

Regardless of the taxonomic minutiae, the headline is that “cannabis” is actually a broader classification that contains both hemp plants and marijuana plants. At the end of the day, for all their differences, both types of plants are indeed cannabis.


 

What is marijuana?

ماری جوانا پسر عموی مست کننده کنف است. بسته به روش های طبقه بندی که ترجیح می دهید ، ماری جوانا نیز می تواند تا حد زیادی از گیاهان شاهدانه تشکیل شود. و گرچه ماری جوانا و کنف ممکن است یک گونه را به اشتراک بگذارند ، از نظر قانونی و شیمیایی به طرز قابل توجهی از هم متمایز هستند.

The high levels of THC found in marijuana plants cause intoxication when consumed. Federally, marijuana remains illegal; THC is a Schedule I substance under the CSA. However, many states have now rejected the prohibition on marijuana and have active programs for cultivating and dispensing marijuana for medical and/or adult use.

Marijuana is sold in a variety of ways. One of the most common products is simply the dried and cured flower of the marijuana plant. However, like hemp, marijuana is often subject to extraction to create concentrated extracts that can be sold on their own or used as an ingredient in edibles, topicals, and other products.

تفاوت کنف و ماری جوانا

امروزه ، "کانابیس" و "ماری جوانا" اغلب به جای یکدیگر در صنعت استفاده می شود ، که می تواند باعث سردرگمی شود. از آنجا که کلمه "Cannabis" از نظر فنی به کل تیره گیاهان گلدار اشاره دارد که شامل هر دو شاهدانه و ماری جوانا است ، حذف کنف هنگام استفاده از این اصطلاح کاملاً دقیق نیست. از نظر تاریخی ، کلمه "ماری جوانا" برای تشخیص قلیاس شاهدانه و حشیش که بر اساس درصد THC هر گیاه وجود ندارد ، مورد استفاده قرار می گرفت.

While that distinction may, in some ways, seem arbitrary, it has become a clear enough standard that new varieties of cannabis plants are bred with this threshold in mind. While it might seem strange that cannabis plants, which contain many cannabinoids alongside many more chemical compounds, would be divided by THC content, that has become the standard for the legal cannabis and hemp CBD industries. Thus, the terms hemp and marijuana serve to distinguish between varieties of plants belonging to the same species that find themselves on very different sides of the law.